Incinerators have the proven ability to transform recycled wastes into gaseous matter that can drive turbines and produce electricity. Incinerator design is strategically developed by taking into perspective quantity of waste to be burnt and the characteristics of waste dumped to keep noxious gases at bay.
The unit chosen by you should precisely complement your needs. This will help optimize waste management and justify your investment. Prior to selecting the right incinerating unit, you need to understand the chemical and physical composition of the waste and rate at which waste would be generated to keep the incinerator moving. The waste needs to be analyzed in terms of moisture content, calorific value and bulk density.
Wastes are identified by ‘Types’. Type-0 waste is commonly constituted of plastics, paper and cardboards. The moisture content is approximately 10%. In contrast, the Type-3 waste has significantly higher moisture content at 70% and is commonly constituted of waste generated in households. Each ‘Type’ waste will behave differently in the incinerator and the energy generation rate would vary as the inherent calorific values are different.
If your incinerator design has not factored in the nature of waste, the device’s operational efficiency would be compromised. Toxic gases would emanate from the device and vitiate the environment. This will also lead to fatal occupational health hazards.
To keep incinerator operating safely and cost competitively, it is important that you have proper segregation mechanism in place to weed out unwanted waste components from being fed into the incinerator. Metal elements can be damaging to the refractory and will not burn. Plastics should be subjected to recycling prior to burning else toxic gases would be emitted. Aerosol containers can lead to severe occupational health hazards.
Efficient waste management requires prudent segregation of wastes to keep the incinerator in optimum health.